- Team82 took an extensive look at VPN vendor applications that have OpenVPN running under the hood.
- Claroty’s researchers discovered a new attack concept to target VPNs.
- Team82’s research uncovered four vulnerabilities in popular industrial VPN solutions from vendors HMS Industrial Networks, Siemens, PerFact, and MB connect line.
- The vulnerabilities expose users to remote and arbitrary code execution attacks, and also enable attackers to elevate privileges.
- All four vendors have either provided a fix in an updated version of their respective products, or suggested mitigations.
A virtual private network (VPN) is an encrypted connection over the Internet from a device to a network that secures the transmission of sensitive data. Unauthorized people cannot eavesdrop on the traffic, and—relevant to today’s climate—a VPN allows the user to remain at home and securely conduct business remotely. When you set up a VPN connection, also known as a tunnel, part or all of your internet traffic goes through this tunnel as an encapsulated packet from your endpoint to the VPN server, which can be located at your workplace or elsewhere. Those encapsulated packets are then re-routed at the end of the tunnel.
The most common implementation for a VPN solution is OpenVPN, which implements techniques to create secure point-to-point or site-to-site connections in routed or bridged configurations and remote access facilities. It implements client and server applications.
OpenVPN was written by James Yonan and is free software, available under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2). As a result, many different systems support OpenVPN. For example, DD-WRT, a Linux-based firmware used in wireless routers, includes a server for OpenVPN. Due to its popularity, ease of use, and features, many companies have chosen OpenVPN as part of their solution. It’s a feasible option for organizations that want to create a secure tunnel with a couple of new features. Rather than reinventing the wheel, the company will most likely use OpenVPN as its foundation.
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